Belize is a small nation full of culture and adventure, with a rich history, changing names and a wide range of natural resources to explore. Modern - today Belizing is located in the center of a kingdom that stretched from Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula in the north to El Salvador in the south and the Caribbean in the west.
Christopher Columbus sailed off the coast of Belize in 1502, but he never anchored here, never set foot on land, and never even named the bay of Honduras. Although his discoveries led to Spain's claim to the entire New World, he did not visit the region that is now Belizing. The Spanish never had much success in colonization, and permanent European settlements were not established until many years later. Some of the original settlements, including Caracol and Tikal, have long since been abandoned. However, it was colonised in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when the Spanish discovered precious minerals such as gold and silver.
As a result, Mayan civilizations in Belize and elsewhere in Mesoamerica have never recovered their classical glory.
The Maya are the most widespread ethnic group, having lived in Belize and the Yucatan region since 500 AD. The Maya reached their peak in the mid-20th century, when they conquered Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras. Three unique Mayan groups still live in Belize today: the Ketchi, Mopan and Maya. In the south of Belization, the Mayan people, the Maya of the Chicharito region, and the Aztecs, Aztecs and Chichen Itza are the main groups.
Today, Belize is home to about 30,000 Mayans, 17,000 of whom are Ketchi, 11,500 of whom are Mayans. Are Mopan , 2200 are Yucatec and 2.5 million Aztecs. It is believed that this group reached Belizing, which covers all of Mesoamerica, at the end of the 5th century BC.
Numerous ruins indicate that the area, now called Belize, was once inhabited by Mayan Indians, whose civilization collapsed around 900 AD. The Mayan civilization, which covered large parts of Central America, settled in Belizing between 2500 BC and 900 BC. When it joined the emerging community of the Dominican Republic in 2006, the Belized Community continued to be part of a Province of Providence.
At the time, neighbouring Guatemala, which claimed to be its neighbour, confirmed that it had Belize as its own and at the same time the Dominican Republic.
The resulting Anglo-Guatemalan treaty was ratified by both sides, with the country becoming known as the colony of British Honduras (the name was changed to Belize in 1973). British colony, it remained for the rest of its history under the control of the United Kingdom and the U.S. government. The border dispute continued unabated until 1977, when both Guatemala and the United States began new negotiations with Belization. Tensions arose because Guatemala continued to claim sovereignty over Belize, despite the borders between Belize and Guatemala being established in 1859.
The Garifuna are a new generation of Belize City residents, having lived in British Honduras for some time. At that time they were brought to Belizing by the people involved in a slave revolt on the island of Barbados and by the people who had emigrated there from their native countries Honduras and Guatemala.
The Tipu in western Belize were bought by the Maya who fled Yucatan after the conquest. They had a big influence on Belizing when they moved to northern Belize to escape the violence.
Bowen traced his roots in Belize back to the 16th century, when the first Bowen from England disembarked from a British ship and joined a ragtag band from Baymen. Part of the problem may stem from shipwrecked Spanish seafarers, but there is no direct evidence of contact between Bowen and the Tipu or other indigenous peoples.
In the 19th century, the entire colony of British Honduras consisted of slaves and descendants of the slave-liberated. In 1800, the region became a crown colony, and the six sisters from New Orleans decided to stay in Belize. The communities of Belizing became independent communities in 1913, but by the mid-19th century modern Belizing had emerged, with the declaration of independence of the Honduran people from the British and the transformation of the region into a "crown colony." In January 1964, British Guatemala was reestablished as a self-governing colony and renamed Belize in June 1973, becoming the first self-governing colony in the United States of America under the control of the US government.
The British victory cemented its influence in Belize and was the reason why it is the only country in the United States (with the exception of the Caribbean) to recognise English as an official language. English has been the official language since it was a British colony; it has remained the official language of both Belizing and former British Honduras. The most diverse language in Belize is Kriol, or "Belizean Creole," and most Belizeans use it as rough and playful English - based on a language that includes a variety of dialects, such as Spanish, English, French, Spanish - English and Spanish. Some of the oldest mestizo families that have lived in this country for over 150 years speak of a diversity influenced by Creole.